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Etymological Dictionary of Arabic

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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ʔǦR أجر
ID ... • Sw – • BP – • APD ... • Aut SG
ʔǦR
"root"
▪ ʔǦR_1 ‘wages, pay; rate, fee; to reward; to let, hire out’ →ʔaǧr
▪ ʔǦR_2 ‘baked bricks’ →ʔāǧurr
▪ ʔǦR_1: from a Sem √ʔGR ‘to hire, rent’
▪ ʔǦR_2: from Akk aǧurru ‘baked bricks’ (from a Sum alur ?)
...
DRS 1 (1994)#ʔGR–1: Sem ‘prendre à gages, louer’: Akk agāru , Ug ʔagr , nHbr ʔᵃgar , EmpAram Nab Palm ʔgr , JP ʔᵃgar , Syr ʔegar ; Akk agr‑ , Ar ʔaǧīr [→ʔaǧr ], SAr ʔgr ‘serviteur à gages, domestique’; Akk igr , EmpAram ʔgr , JP ʔagrā , Soq ʔegare ‘salaire’, Hbr ʔᵃgōrā ‘paiement’; Palm ʔgwr ‘bail’, Mhr ḥauǧor ‘serviteur’. – 2 [...] – 3 EmpAram ʔgr ‘mur, voûte’, Syr ʔaggārā ‘toit’, Mand angara , ɛngara , Ar ʔiǧǧar ‘toit’; Akk igār‑ ‘mur’. – 4 Akk agurr‑ , Syr ʔaggūrā , Ar (coll.) ʔuǧur , ʔaǧurr , ʔaǧūr ‘briques cuites’ [, Ar →ʔāǧurr ]. – 5 Akk ʔekurru ‘temple’, Aram ʔᵉgōrā , ʔēgorā ‘temple païen’, Mand ʔkorʔ ‘temple des idoles et démons’. – 6 Sem ‘message, lettre royale’: Akk egert , Hbr ʔiggeret , BiblAram ʔigrā , JP ʔiggartā . – 7 Sem ‘pied’: EastAr ʔəgr , Daṯ ʔiǧr , Gz Te ʔəgər , Amh ʔəgər ; ? Te ʔagri , ʔagrəh ‘caravane’. [Cf. Ar →riǧl ] – 8 [...].
DRS 1 (1994): 1. Western forms emerged from Akk. – 3. Ar dependent on Aram. – 4. < Sum alur ? – 5. < Sum ekur . – 6. Western forms borrowed from Akk? – 7. Forme évoluée de RGL ; ses correspondantes non-sém. (cham.-sém.) pourraient attester cependant l’absence d’une liquide à l’initiale.
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