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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ʔRḌ أرض
ID ... • Sw – • BP – • APD ... • Aut SG
ʔRḌ
"root"
▪ ʔRḌ_1 ‘earth (as opposed to sky)’ →ʔarḍ
▪ ʔRḌ_2 ‘termites; to be worm-eaten (wood)’ →ʔaraḍ
▪ ʔRḌ_3 ‘trembling, epileptic fit’: ʔarḍ
Out of the three values of the root as given by DRS , only two (ʔRḌ_1 and ʔRḌ_2) are realized in MSA.
DRS 1 (1994)#ʔRD̮–1: Akk erṣet‑ , Ug ʔarṣ , Phn Pun Moab ʔrṣ , Hbr ʔereṣ , EmpAram ʔrq , Nab Palm ʔrʕ , BiblAram ʔᵃraʕ , JP Syr ʔarʕā , Mand arqa ‘terre (sol)’, arda ‘terre (champ)’; Akk irṣit‑ ‘terre, enfer, tombe’, EmpAram ʔrṣʔ ‘sarcophage’. (no Ar forms mentioned!)
▪ #ʔRD̮–2: Ar ʔariḍa ‘être rongé (bois)’, ʔarad̮ , Te ʔarṣät ver rongeur du bois.
▪ #ʔRD̮–3: Ar ʔard̮ ‘tremblement, crise d’épilepsie’.
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