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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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bām(i)yā باميا , var. bām(i)yaẗ بامية
ID 051 • Sw – • BP 6890 • APD ... • Aut SG
BāMYā, BMY
n.
gumbo, okra (Hibiscus esculentus L.,1 bot. , a popular vegetable in Egypt) – WehrCowan1979.
1. NişanyanSözlük gives the Latin name as either ‘alcaea aegyptiaca’ or ‘abelmoschus esculentus’.
Rolland2014 summarizes the state of research on the word as follows: »Pour Belot,1 le mot est d’origine grecque. Pour Rajki,2 c’est un emprunt au turc bamya . Pour Nişanyan,3 le turc est un emprunt à l’arabe.« None of these sources are particularly reliable. The Engl gumbo , Fr gombo , which could be akin to bāmiyā etc., are said to go back to Africa, cf. ngombo ‘okra’ in a Central Bantu language, ki-ngombo ‘do.’ in a Bantu language from Angola.
1. Jean-Baptiste Belot, Dictionnaire arabe-français "El-faraïd" , Beyrouth 1955. 2. Andras Rajki, Arabic Etymological Dictionary , online. 3. Sevan Nişanyan, Sözlerin Soyağacı , 2001.
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▪ See NUTSHELL and WESTLANG sections.
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▪ In Tu, the word is attested for the first time in Aḥmed Vefīḳ Paşa’s Luġat-ı ʕOs̱mānī (1876), where it is said to have come from the Sudan and recently have become popular – Nişanyan (24Jul2014).
▪ Engl gumbo may be akin to Ar bām(i)yā (bām(i)yaẗ , pronounced bamya ). Its etymology is given by EtymOnline as »1805, from Louisiana Fr, probably ultimately from a Central Bantu dialect (compare Mbundu ngombo ‘okra’).«
▪ Fr gombo: First attested in 1757 as gombaut , 1764 gombo (Jacquin, Observationes botanicae , 2ᵉ part., p. 11 ds Roll, Flore , t. 3, p. 76). Terme des Antilles françaises issu du bantou de région angolaise ki-ngombo – http://www.cnrtl.fr/definition/gombo .
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