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Etymological Dictionary of Arabic

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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ǦZ‑
ID ... • Sw – • BP – • APD ... • Aut SG
ǦZ‑
"2-cons. nucleus"
▪ *ǦZ–_1 ‘...’ →...
▪ *ǦZ–_2 ‘...’ →...
*to cut off, chop, devide, set apart
A bi-consonantal nucleus that is at the basis of several 3-consonantal themes, cf. section DERIV below. Etymologically, there also seems to be a relation with also →*ǦḎ- and →*ǦD-.
...
In DRS 2 (1994)#GZ, the user is advised to consult the following Sem roots: GWZ, GZʔ, GZB, GZW/Y, GZZ, GZḤ, GZL, GZM, GZʕ, GZR, GRZ, WGZ, as well as the references given under GD (see →ǦD-). For the most common representations of (some of) these roots, cf. the items given below in the DERIV section.
...
ǦZː (ǦZZ): →ǧazza ‘to cut off, clip; to shear, shear off’; cf. also →ǧaḏḏa ‘to cut off, clip’.
ǦZʔ: →ǧuzʔ ‘part’.
ǦZR: →ǧazara ‘to slaughter’, orig. *‘to cut (off)’.
ǦZʕ: →taǧazzaʕa ‘to break apart, break, snap’; cf. also →ǧadaʕa ‘to cut off, amputate’.
ǦZL: →ǧizlaẗ ‘piece, slice’.
ǦZM: →ǧazama ‘to off, cut short, clip; to judge, decide’; cf. also →ǧaḏama ‘to cut off, chop off, excise’.
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