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Etymological Dictionary of Arabic

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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ǦWF جوف
ID ... • Sw – • BP – • APD ... • Aut SG
ǦWF
"root"
▪ ǦWF_1 ‘hollow, cavity; inside, centre; abdomen’ →ǧawf
▪ ǦWF_2 ‘guava (fruit, brush)’ →ǧuwāfaẗ
▪ ǦWF_3 ‘corpse, cadaver; (hence also: ) to stink’ →ǧīfaẗ (formally √ǦYF, but etymologically probably √ǦWF)

Other items, now obsolete:
▪ ǦWF_4 : ǧūfī ‘(name of a species of fish)’

BadawiAbdelHaleem2008: ‘belly, interior, inside; valley, to be hollow; to penetrate’
▪ ǦWF_1: < Sem *gawp‑ ‘heart, middle, interior; body’ (OrelStolbova) or WSem *gawp‑ ‘hollow’ < Sem *GWP ‘hollow; to be empty’ (Dolgopolski); perh. < AfrAs *gawVf‑ ‘interior’ (OrelStolbova). (Dolgopolski reconstructs even Nostr *gupVʔ˹û˺ ‘hollow, empty; hole’).
▪ ǦWF_2: < Span < Arawakian (Antilles).
▪ ǦWF_3: Ar ǧīfaẗ ‘corpse, cadaver’ is believed to be a development from ǦWF_1 ‘hollow, cavity; inside, centre; abdomen’, cf. →ǧīfaẗ , →ǧawf .
▪ ǦWF_4 : < Aram kwfyʔ (Fraenkel1886: 123).
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