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Etymological Dictionary of Arabic

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*ḤR‑ (1) حرـ
ID ... • Sw – • BP – • APD ... • Aut SG
ḤR‑
2-cons. "root nucleus"
Basic meaning *‘to be hot, boiling, to burn’ – DRS 9 (2010).
According to DRS 9 (2010), Sem *-ḤR- (1) is a 2-consonantal basis with the meaning ‘to be hot, boiling, to boil’, hence also (figurative use) ‘to be angry, furious’. From this basis, several 3-radical roots are formed by extension, see section DERIV below.
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(lengthening of R2) > →ḤRː (ḤRR)_1, →ḥarr ‘heat, hot’
+ *-B > →ḥarb ‘war; fight, combat’, →ḥarbaẗ ‘lance, spear’, perh. also →ḥirbāʔ ‘chameleon’
+ *-Ṣ > →ḥirṣ ‘greed; desire; aspiration; avarice’
+ *-Ḍ > →ḥarraḍa ‘to goad, prod, spur on, egg on, incite, rouse, provoke, instigate, stir up, agitate’
+ *-Q > →ḥaraqa (i ) ‘to burn’
+ *-K > →ḥarik ‘lively, active, brisk, agile, nimble’
+ *-M- > →ʔaḥmarᵘ ‘red’
+ *-Y > →taḥarrà ‘to seek, pursue, strive, aspire’
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