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Etymological Dictionary of Arabic

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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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*ḤR‑ (2) حرـ
ID ... • Sw – • BP – • APD ... • Aut SG
ḤR‑
2-cons. "root nucleus"
Basic meaning *‘to scrape’ – Ehret1989.
According to Ehret1989, *ḤR- (2) is a pre-pSem 2-consonantal basis with the meaning ‘to scrape’ from which several 3-radical roots are formed by extension, see section DERIV below.
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+ extendative *‑b > ḥaraba ‘to sharpen’, →ḥarb ‘war; fight, combat’, →ḥarbaẗ ‘lance, spear’
+ durative *‑t > ḥarata ‘to rub hard’ (still registered in Hava1899)
+ diffusive *‑ṯ > →ḥaraṯa ‘to till and sow the ground, plow, cultivate’
+ venitive *‑ɬ > →ḥaraša ‘to scratch, wound with the claws’
+ andative *‑ḳ > →ḥaraqa u ‘to rub two things against each other’
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