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Etymological Dictionary of Arabic

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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ḤZB حزب
ID ... • Sw – • BP – • APD ... • Aut SG
ḤZB
"root"
▪ ḤZB_1 ‘to befall, happen, occur’ →ḥazaba
▪ ḤZB_2 ‘group, troop, band, gang; party’ →ḥizb
▪ ḤZB_3 ‘old hag’ →ḥayzabūn

Other values, now obsolete, include:
  • ḤZB_4 ‘rocky hill, rugged ground’: ḥizbāʔ
  • ḤZB_5 ‘thick, coarse, rude, bulky and short’: ḥazābin , ḥinzāb (meaning also ‘wild carrot’ and ‘cock’)
BadawiAbdelHaleem2008: ‘1 hardship, to afflict; 2 group, faction, to devide, partition, gang up; 3 rocky hill’
Relations within this root still rather unclear. According to DRS , ḤZB_3-5 may be related to ḤZB_1.
...
DRS 9 (2010)#ḤZB-1 Ar ḥazaba ‘advenir, survenir, atteindre qn. soudainement’, ḥazb ‘difficultés’; ? Mhr ḥəzūb ‘être vigilant, prêt à agir’. -2 Ar ḥizb ‘portion, part, lot, troupe, parti’, ḥazaba ‘être partisan’, ḥazzaba ‘assembler, réunir; partager’; SAr ʔḥzb (pl.) ‘bandes armées’; Gz ḥəzb ‘nation, tribu, secte, foule’, Te ‘peuple, nation’, Tña ḥəzbi , Amh Gur həzb , Gur äzb , kəzb , kəbz ‘peuple, foule’. -3 Gz ḥazzaba ‘attacher, lier’, Tña ḥəzab , Amh Gur (ə)zab ‘rêne, bride’, Arg zab , Amh azzäbä ‘tresser, faire de courroies’. -4 Gz ḥazaba , ḥazzaba ‘penser, considérer, supposer, soupçonner’, Te täḥazzäba ‘douter’, täḥazäba ‘jeter la suspicion sur’, Amh azzäbä : entendre qc. qu’on désapprouve tacitement, tazzäbä ‘être témoin silencieux, soupçonner, juger à part soi’; Gur azzäbä , Har ḥazäba ‘garder en mémoire ce que qn. a fait’.1 -5 Ar ḥizbāʔ ‘terrain raboteux’; ḥazābin ‘épais, rude, courtaud, massif’, ḥayzabūn ‘vieille femme (rusée, mauvaise)’.
1. »Sur des rapports possibles avec le Sem ḤSB, voir sous cette racine.«
▪ ḤZB_2: Ar ḥizb is believed to be from Gz ḥəzb . – On DRS #3 (EthSem only): »Peut-être la notion de ‘lier, attacher’ est-elle en rapport avec celle de ‘rassembler, grouper, unir dans un parti, etc.’ [ḤZB_2]«.
▪ ḤZB_3: Ar ḥayzabūn ‘old hag’ is the last remnant of a value that in DRS #5 is treated as one, together with ḤZB_4 ḥizbāʔ ‘rocky hill, rugged ground’ and ḤZB_5, comprising the strange items ḥazābin ‘thick, coarse, rude, (etc.)’ and ḥinzāb ‘dto.; wild carrot; cock’. The common denominator here would be the coarseness, rudeness, compactness. The authors of DRS also consider the possibility that all this “perhaps” should be connected ḤZB_1, »comme les aspérités et surprises de la vie et du chemin.«
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