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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ʔibrīq إبْريق , pl. ʔabārīqᵘ , (tun.) ʔabāriqaẗ
ID 003 • Sw – • BP – • APD ... • Aut SG
ʔBRQ, BRQ
n.
pitcher; jug – WehrCowan1979.
Rolland2014a: from mPers āp-reḫ ‘ewer, jug’.
eC7 (pitcher, jug, flagon) Q 56:18 bi-ʔakwābin wa-ʔabārīqa wa-kaʔsin min maʕīnin ‘with glasses, flagons and a cup full of pure liquid’
▪ Jeffery1938: 46-47. Q 56:18 ‘ewer, jug’, only in the pl. form in an early Meccan ‎description of Paradise. »It was recognized as a Pers loan-word and is given by al-Kindī [details], ‎al-Ṯaʕālibī [det.], al-Suyūṭī [fn] and al-Jawālīqī [fn] in their lists of Pers borrowings, as well as by ‎the Lexicons LA [det.], TA [det.] though some attempted to explain it as a genuine Ar word ‎derived from √BRQ. – In modPers, the word is ābrīz meaning ‘urn’ or ‘waterpot’. It ‎would be derived from āb ‘water’ (= Phlv āβ , i.e. oPers. āpi = Av ...; Skt ... aqua ), and ‎‎rīḫtan (= Phlv rēχtăn from the old Iranian root *raek = linquere) [...] generally accepted since ‎the time. It was from the Phlv form that the word was borrowed into Ar, the shortening of the ‎‎ā being regular. The word occurs in the early poetry, in verses of ʕAdī b. Zayd, ʕAlqama, and al-‎ʔAʕšā, and so was doubtless an early borrowing among the Arabs who were in contact with the ‎court at al-Ḥīra.«
EALL : from mPers ābrēz (Asbaghi, “Persian Loanwords”).
▪ Rolland2014: from mPers āp-reḫ ‘ewer, jug’ (lit. water pourer) which is also the etymon of modPers āb-rez .
According to Lokotsch1927#894, Ar ʔībrīq (signifying particularly a pitcher with water used for the ritual ablutions prescribed in Islam) went into Tu (first attested in Kāşġarī, Dīvān-i Luġati't-Türk , 1073, as iwriḳ )1 , whence Rum ibric (pitcher), It bricco (coffee pot made of tin), Bulg Serb ibrik (ewer, jug, pitcher), Serb imbrik , Pol imbryk , imbryczek , Ukr imbryček (tea or coffee pot).
1. NişanyanSözlük 9Sept2015. Next attestation is Mesʕūd b. Aḥmed, Süheyl ü Nevbahār terc. , 1354.
barīq, n., = ʔibrīq
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