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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ʔaṯar أَثَر , pl. ʔāṯār
ID ... • Sw – • BP 554 • APD ... • Aut SG
ʔṮR
n.
track, trace, vestige; sign, mark (from the past); clue; slight touch; relic or remnant (preserved from the past); ancient monument; work of art, literary work (of former times); tradition, brief report (from early Islam); impression, effect, influence; – pl. آثار ʔāṯār antiquities; (religious) relics; works, writings (esp. of deceased or ancient authors) – WehrCowan1979.
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▪ Bergsträsser1928: Aram ʔaṯr.ā , Gz ʔašár ‘trace’ (n.); cf. also Akk ašru ‘place’, Hbr ʔāšūr ‘step’
DRS 2 (1994)#ʔṮR-1: Akk aš(a)r‑ ‘lieu, place’, Ug ʔaṯr ‘marcher’, Hbr ʔaš(š)ūr , Pun ʔšr , EmpAram Nab Palm ʔtr , JP Syr ʔatrā , Mand atra ‘lieu, région’, Ar ʔaṯar , ʔiṯr , Gz ʔašar ‘trace, vestige’, Tña assär ‘trace’, Saf ʔṯr ‘vestige, inscription’, Ug ʔaṯr , Nab bʔtr (b + ʔtr ), Syr botar , Ar ʔaṯar , SAr ʔṯr ‘après’, Soq ʔihor ‘suivre’, Ug ʔaṯr , Hbr ʔᵃšer relatif ‘qui, que’.
▪ Cf. also √ʔṮR .
According to DRS 2 (1994)#ʔṮR-1 we can reconstruct Sem *ʔaṯar ‘trace, pas, vestige’.
ʕilm al-ʔāṯār , n., archeology: .

ʔaṯara, u , i (ʔaṯr , ʔaṯāraẗ ), vb. I, to transmit, pass along, report, relate (s.th., ʕan from, or based on the authority of, s.o.): .
BP#1336ʔaṯṯara, vb. II, to affect, influence ( or ʕalà s.o., s.th.), act ( or ʕalà upon), produce an effect, make an impression, have influence ( or ʕalà on); to induce (phys. ): .
taʔaṯṯara, vb. V, to be impressed, be influenced; to let o.s. be impressed, be impressible; to be moved, be touched (bi‑ or li‑ by, also min ); to be excited, be stimulated; to be affected (bi‑ by, said of materials, e.g., iron by acid); to be induced (phys. ); to follow in s.o.’s (DO) tracks, follow s.o.’s example, emulate s.o.; to pursue, follow up (a question, a problem); to perceive, feel (s.th.): .
BP#4307ʔaṯarī, adj., archeologic(al); n., pl. ‑ūn , archeologist (also ʔāṯārī ); old, ancient, antique | ʕālim ʔ. archeologist; luġaẗ ʔ.iyyaẗ dead language; ṣarḥ ʔ. historic castle: .
BP#2257ʔiṯrᵃ, prep., immediately after, right after: .
ʔaṯāraẗ, n.f., remainder, remnant; faint trace, vestige: .
maʔṯaraẗ, var. maʔṯuraẗ, pl. maʔāṯirᵘ , n., exploit, feat, glorious deed; pl. maʔāṯirᵘ memorable events, achievements (handed down from the past) : .
BP#1020taʔṯīr, n., action, effect, influence, impression ( , ʕalà on); effectiveness, efficacy; induction (phys. ): vn. II.
taʔṯīrī, adj., produced by induction, inductive, inductional, induced (phys. ): nsb-adj from taʔṯīr .
BP#4160taʔaṯṯur, n., being influenced; agitation, emotion, feeling; excitability, sensitivity; (pl. ‑āt ) feeling, sensation, perception | sarīʕ al-t. easily impressed, impressible, sensitive: .
taʔaṯṯurī, adj.: al-maḏhab al-t. the impressionistic movement: nsb-adj of taʔaṯṯur .
taʔaṯṯuriyyaẗ, n.f., impressionism: n.abstr. in ‑iyyaẗ coined from taʔaṯṯur .
maʔṯūr, adj., transmitted, handed down | qawl m. , kalimaẗ m.aẗ proverb; maʔṯūrāt šaʕbiyyaẗ folklore: .
BP#2360muʔaṯṯir, adj., affecting, acting upon; affective; impressive; moving, touching, pathetic; (pl. ‑āt ) influencing factor, influence, effect: .
mutaʔaṯṯir, adj., under the influence (bi‑ ) of; (following) as a result or effect (bi‑ of): .

For other items of √ʔṮR cf. →ʔaṯir and →ʔaṯīr .

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