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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
Click to Expand/Collapse Optionʔ
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ʔaḫ أخ , st.constr. ʔaḫū , pl. ʔiḫwaẗ , ʔiḫwān
ID 012 • Sw – • BP 66 • APD ... • Aut SG
ʔḪ(W)
n.
brother; fellow man, neighbor; friend; (pl. ʔiḫwān , specif.) brethren or members of an order; al-ʔiḫwān religious brotherhood of the Wahabi sect, militant in character, established by Ibn Saʕūd – WehrCowan1979.
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▪ Bergsträsser1928: Akk aḫu , Hbr ʔāḥ , Aram ʔaḥā , Gz ʔeḫʷ ‘brother’
DRS 1 (1994)#ʔḪ(W)-1: Akk aḫ‑ , Ug ʔaḫ , ʔuḫ , ʔiḫ , Hbr ʔāḥ , Phn Pun ʔḥ , JP ʔᵃḥā , Mand aha , Syr ʔaḥā , Ṣaf Liḥ ʔḫ , SAr ʔḫ , Soq ʔaɛḥat , Mhr ga , Gz ʔəḫəw , ʔəḫw , ʔəḫʷ , Te ḥu ‘brother’.
▪ OrelStolbova1994#23: Akk aḫu , Ug ʔaḫ , Phn ʔḥ , Pun ʔḥ , Hbr ʔāḥ , Aram (epigr) ʔḥ Syr ʔaḥā , SAr ʔḫ , Gz ʔǝḫǝw . – Outside Sem: WCh *ʔah(ya)‑ ‘uncle’, ‘brother’, CCh *ʔaγ‑ ‘son’.
▪ Rajki2002: Mal hu , Tig ḥu , [...]. – Per aḫ borrowed from Ar.
▪ Rajki2002: < Sem *ʔ-ḫ .
▪ OrelStolbova1994#23: < Sem *ʔaḫ‑ ‘brother’ < AfrAs *ʔaḫ‑ ‘brother’.
▪ DRS 1 (1994)#ʔḪ(W)-1: »la voyelle de flexion casuelle qui terminait ce mot était primitivement longue; elle s’est abrégée ou même a totalement disparu à l’état absolu, mais elle s’est maintenue, dans la plupart des dialectes, à l’état construit ou devant des suff. pronominaux.«
ʔāḫà, vb. III, to fraternize, associate as brothers (tr.): denominative.
taʔaḫḫà, vb. V, to act or show o.s. as a brother or friend: denominative.
taʔāḫà, vb. VI, to fraternize, associate as brothers: denominative, reciprocal.
BP#226ʔuḫt, pl. ʔaḫawāt , n.f., sister: f. formed from ʔaḫ ?; (gram. ) cognate; counterpart | ʔuḫtuhā the other (of two), its mate, its counterpart (after a fem. noun): .
ḫuwayy, n., little brother: dimin.
ʔaḫawī, adj., brotherly, fraternal: nsb-adj.
ʔaḫawiyyaẗ, n.f., brotherhood (as a religious association): n.abstr. in ‑iyyaẗ ; hence also the group that is formed in the spirit of brotherliness.
ʔuḫuwwaẗ, ʔiḫāʔ, n., brotherhood, brotherness, fraternity: . – See also →s.v.
ʔiḫāwaẗ, n.f., fraternization; fraternity, brotherliness: .
taʔāḫin (def. al-taʔāḫī ) fraternization; fraternity, brotherliness: vn. VI.
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