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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ʔiḏn إذْن , pl. ʔuḏūn , ʔuḏūnāt
ID ... • Sw – • BP 1290 • APD ... • Aut SG
ʔḎN
n.
permission, authorization; leave; license; warrant; (pl. ʔuḏūn , ʔuḏūnāt ) (postal) order; bond (fin. ) – WehrCowan1979.
Most probably, the item ‘to allow, give permission’ is dependent on ʔḎN_1 ‘ear’, as suggested by DRS where all values are grouped as one item, deriving from Sem *‘ear’. Cf. →ʔḎN for the general picture, and →ʔuḏn for ‘ear’.
...
DRS 1 (1994)#ʔḎN: [apart from cognates meaning ‘ear’]: Ar ʔaḏina ‘permettre’, Tham ʔḏn ‘autorité’, Ug ʔidn ‘permission?’, SAr ʔdn ‘obéissance, ordre’.
See “Nutshell” above as well as →ʔuḏn and →ʔḎN .
ʔaḏina, a , vb. I, to allow, permit: denominative?
ĭstaʔḏana, vb. X, to ask permission to enter, have o.s. announced; to take leave, say good-bye: denominative.

ʔiḏnī, adj.: sanad ʔ. promissory note, bill payable to order of s.o.: nsb-adj.
ʔāḏin, n., door-keeper, porter: lexicalized PA I (*‘the one who gives permission to enter’).
maʔḏūn, adj., authorized; licensed, legally allowed or recognized: PP I; n., holder of diploma; slave with limited legal rights (Isl.Law ); = m. šarʕī , official authorized by the cadi to perform civil marriages (Isl.Law ): lexicalized nominalized PP I (*person who has been authorized).
maʔḏūniyyaẗ, n.f., leave, furlough (mil.Syr. ); license, franchise (Syr. ).

For other values cf. →ʔuḏn and →ʔaḏān .

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