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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ʔakal‑ أَكَلَ , u (ʔakl, maʔkal)
ID 030 • Sw 55/37 • BP 1338 • APD ... • Aut SG
ʔKL
vb., I
to eat; to eat up, consume, swallow, devour, destroy; to eat, gnaw (at), eat away, corrode, erode; to spend unlawfully, enrich o.s., feather o.’s nest (with) – WehrCowan1979.
From Sem *ʔVkul- ‘to eat’. – Any relation to the theme ‘to be equal, sufficient > half’?
...
▪ Orel/Stolbova 1994 #148, DRS 1 (1994) #ʔKL- 1: Akk akālu, Ug ʔakl, Phoen ʔkl, Hbr ʔākal, Syr ʔekal; Gz ʔǝkl ‘food’, Te ʔǝkǝl, Amh ʔǝhǝl ‘grain’. – Outside Sem: Hs kālā-čī ‘food’.
▪ Do we also have to consider DRS 1 (1994) #ʔKL-2? : ‘être égal, suffisant > moitié’: SAr mʔkly ‘moitié’; Gz ʔakala, Te ʔaklä, Tña ʔahalä ‘être suffisant’; Amh ʔAkkälä ‘être égal’; Tña maʔkäl ‘milieu’; Te ʔakəl ‘comme, pareil à’; Amh əkkul ‘moitié’; Te ʔakəl ʔayi, Amh mən yahəl ‘combien?’; ?Gz ʔakāl, Te ʔakal ‘corps’; Amh akal ‘personne’.
▪ Orel/Stolbova 1994 #148: Sem *ʔVkul- ‘to eat’, WCh *kal- (< *kaʔVl) ‘food’, both from AfrAs *ʔVkul- ‘to eat’ (the WCh forms resulting from metathesis).
▪ Cf. also DRS 1 (1994) #ʔKL-2?
ʔakala ʕalayhi ’l-dahrᵘ wa-šariba, expr., to be old and worn out, be timeworn
ʔakala ’l-ribā, vb. I, idiom., to take usurious interest
yaʕlamu min ayna tuʔkalu ’l-katif, expr., he knows how to tackle the matter properly
ʔakalahū ǧilduhū, expr., his skin itched
ʔakala fī ṣaḥn, vb. I, idiom., to eat off a plate
ʔakala ḥaqqahū, vb. I, idiom., to encroach upon s.o.’s rights

ʔakkala, vb. II, and ʔākala, vb. IV, to give s.o. s.th. to eat (2x DO), feed: D-stem, caus.
ʔākala, vb. III, to eat, dine (DO with s.o.): L-stem, associative.
taʔakkala, vb. V, and taʔākala, vb. VI, to be devoured, be consumed; to be eaten away, corrode, undergo corrosion; to become old, worn, time worn, full of cracks; to be destroyed by corrosion: tD- and tL-stem, respectively, both pass./intr.-self-refl.

BP#1495 ʔakl, n., food; meal, repast; fodder, feed | ġurfaẗ al-ʔakl, n.f., dining room; (eg.) ʔakl al-baḥr, land washed away by the see or the Nile (as opposed to ṭarḥ al-baḥr)
ʔuk(u)l, n., food; fruit | ʔatà ʔuk(u)luhū, expr., to bear fruit
ʔaklaẗ, pl. ʔakalāt, n.f., meal, repast: n.un. of ʔakl
ʔuklaẗ, n.f., bite, morsel: n.un. of ʔuk(u)l
ʔukāl, n., prurigo, itch eruption (med.)
ʔakkāl, ʔakīl, ʔakūl, adj., voracious, gluttonous; hearty eater, gourmand, glutton: ints.
maʔkal, pl. maʔākilᵘ, n., food, eats: n.instr.
taʔakkul and taʔākul, n., wear; corrosion; erosion (geol.): vn. V and VI
ĭʔtikāl, n., erosion (geol.): vn. VIII
ʔākil, n., eater: PA I.
ʔākilaẗ, n.f., gangrenous sore: PA I, f., fig., lexicalization as med. term.
maʔkūl, adj., eatable, edible: PP I; pl. ­‑āt, food, foodstuffs, eatables, edibles: nominalisation of PP I.
muʔākil, n., table companion: PA III.
mutaʔakkil and mutaʔā kil, adj., corroded; eroded; worn, timeworn; full of cracks; rusty, rust-eaten: PA V and VI.
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