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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ʔilāh إله ، إلاه , pl. ʔālihaẗ
ID ... • Sw – • BP 1326 • APD ... • Aut SG
ʔLH
n.
god, deity, godhead – WehrCowan1979.
From CSem *ʔilāh‑ ‘god, deity’, extension in *‑h from Sem *ʔil‑ ‘god’ – Huehnergard2011.
...
▪ DRS I (1994)#ʔL: Akk il‑ , el‑ , Ug ʔil , Phn Pun ʔl , Hbr ʔēl , EmpAram ʔl , JP ʔēl , Tham ʔl ; (with final ‑h ) epigrHbr ʔlh , Hbr, ʔᵉlōha , Ug ʔlhm (pl.m.), ʔlht (pl.f.), epigrAram ʔlh , JP ʔᵉlhā, BabAram ʔelāh , Syr ʔalaha , Mand alaha , Ar ʔilāh , SAr ʔlh ‘god, deity’.
DRS 1 (1994), Huehnergard2011, et al.: From CSem *ʔilāh‑ ‘god, deity’, extension in *‑h from Sem *ʔil‑ ‘dto.’.
  • Biblical names ending in ‑el are often composed of two elements, the second being Hbr ʔēl ‘God’. Cf., e.g., Azazel, from Hbr ʕᵃzā(ʔ)zēl , of uncertain etymology, perhaps corrupt for ʕᵃzaz-ʔēl , a name meaning ‘God has been strong’ < ʕᵃzaz , reduced form of ʕāzaz ‘he is/was strong’ (cf. Ar →ʕZː (ʕZZ)); Bethel, from Hbr bêt ʔēl ‘house of God’ (cf. Ar →bayt ‘house’); Daniel, from Hbr dānīʔēl / dānīyē(ʔ)l ‘my judge is God’ < Hbr dān ‘judge’ (cf. Ar →dīn ‘religion’, →madīnaẗ ‘town, city’) + ‑ī ‘my’ (suffix 1sg) + ʔēl ; Ezekiel, from Hbr yəḥezqē(ʔ)l ‘God has strengthened’ < yəḥezq ‘he has strengthened’ (cf. Ar →ḤZQ) + ʔēl ; Israel, from Lat, from Grk Israēl , from Hbr yiśrāʔēl ‘Israel’, name meaning ‘God has striven, saved’ < yiśrā ‘he has striven, saved’ (see śry) + ʔēl ; Joel, from Hbr yôʔēl ‘Yahweh is God’ < , short form of yahweh ‘Yahweh’ (see hwy) + ʔēl ; Michael, from Hbr mîkāʔēl ‘who is like God?’ < ‘who?’ + ‘like’ (cf. Ar →ka‑ ) + ʔēl ; Samuel, from Hbr šəmûʔēl ‘name of God’, or, ‘the name is God’ < šəmû , archaic form of šēm ‘name’ (cf. Ar →SMY) + ʔēl ; cf. also Schlemiel, from Yidd, perhaps from the Hbr n.prop. šəlūmîʔēl ‘Shelumiel’, meaning ‘my well-being is God’ < šəlūm ‘well-being’ (cf. Ar →salām ‘peace’) + ‑î ‘my’ (suffix 1sg) + ʔēl .
  • For other Engl words that go back to Ar allāh ‘God’, cf. →s.v. .
ʔallaha, vb. II, to deify, make a god of s.o.: caus. denom.
taʔallaha, vb. V, to become a deity, a godhead; to deify o.s.: T-stem of II, inchoat., refl.

ʔilāhaẗ, pl. ‑āt , n., goddess: f. of ʔilāh .
BP#4130ʔilāhī, adj., divine, of God; theological: nsb-adj.; n.pl., al-ʔilāhiyyāt , theological, spiritual concerns: nominalized adj.f.pl., abstr. | ʕilm al-ʔilāhiyyāt , n., theology.
aḷḷāh, n., Allah, God (as the One and Only): < *al-ʔilāh , see s.v. . | wa-ḷḷāhi , excl., by God!; bi-llāhi (ʕalayk) , excl., for God’s sake, I implore you, I beg of you; li-llāhi darruka , exclamation of admiration and praise, see →darr .
BP#784aḷḷāhumma, excl., O God!: see s.v. | ~ ʔillā , conj., unless, were it not that, except that, or at best (after a negative statement); ~ ʔiḏā , conj., at least if or when; if only; ~ naʕam , excl., by God, yes! most certainly!.
ʔulūhiyyaẗ, n.f., divine power, divinity: abstr. formation.
taʔlīh, n., deification, apotheosis: vn. II.
ʔālih, n., (pagan) god: PA *I (?).
ʔālihaẗ, pl. ‑āt , n., goddess: f. of ʔālih .
ʔālihī, adj., divine: nsb-adj. from ʔālih .
mutaʔallih, adj., divine, heavenly: PA V.
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