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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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allāhumma الّهُمّا
ID ... • Sw – • BP 784 • APD ... • Aut SG
ʔLH
interj.
God! – WehrCowan1979.
From Hbr ʔᵆlōhîm ‘God’, properly a pl., but used as sg., of Hbr ʔᵆlōᵃh ‘god’, which is of course cognate with Ar →ʔilāh .
eC7 Q 3:26, 5:114, 8:32, 10:10, 39:46, in all places an invocatory name for God, used in contexts of absolute supplication, cf. e.g. 10:10 daʕwā-hum fī-hā subḥāna-ka ’ḷḷāhumma ‘their prayer in it [sc. Paradise] is “Glory to You, God!”’
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▪ Jeffery 1938: »The form of the word was a great puzzle to the early grammarians:1 the orthodox explanation being that it is a vocative form where the final m takes the place of an initial . The Kūfans took it as a contraction of yā ʔallāhu ʔāminnā bi-ḫayr (Bayḍ. on iii, 25), but their theory is ridiculed by Ibn Yaʕīš, i, 181. As a vocative it is said to be of the same class as halumma ‘come along’. al-Ḫafājī, 20, however, recognizes it as a foreign word. – It is possible, as Margoliouth notes (ERE , vi, 248), that it is the Hbr ʔᵆlōhîm which had become known to the Arabs through their contacts with Jewish tribes.2 «
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1. Margoliouth, ERE , vi, 248. 2. There is to be considered, however, the Phoen ʔlm = godhead (see references in Harris’ Glossary , p. 77), which is evidence of a Sem form with final m . Cf. Nielsen in HAA , i, 221, n. 2.
Not directly from Ar aḷḷāhumma , but from the same source as the latter, is Engl Elohim (c. 1600), a name of God in the Bible.
allāhumma ʔillā , conj., unless, were it not that, except that, or at best (after a negative statement).
allāhumma ʔiḏā, conj., at least if or when; if only.
allāhumma naʕam , excl., by God, yes! most certainly!
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