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barqūq بَرْقُوق
ID ... • Sw – • BP ... • APD ... • Aut SG
BRQQ
n.coll. (n.un. ‑aẗ )
plum (Eg) – WehrCowan1979.
From ByzGrk berikókkion ‘apricot’, from lGrk praikókkion , from Lat praecoquum ‘fruit précoce’ – Rolland2014a.
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▪ Lane: burqūq , vulg. barqūq , post-clasical word [probably arabicized from the Pers barqūq , which is applied to both apricots and plums.
▪ Fraenkel1886: from Syr barqūqā = Grk beríkokka
▪ Engl apricot : 1550s, abrecock , from Catalan abercoc , related to Portug albricoque , from Ar al-birqūq , through ByzGrk berikokkia from Lat (malum) praecoquum ‘early-ripening (fruit)’; form assimilated to French abricot . Lat praecoquis ‘early-ripe’ can probably be attributed to the fact that the fruit was considered a variety of peach that ripened sooner than other peaches .... [Barnhart] – EtymOnline .
▪ Ge Aprikose : C17, from Dutch abrikoos , from Fr apricot (influenced by the pl.), from Span albaricoque and Portug albricoque , from Ar al-barqūq , from Grk prekókkion (and var.s), from Lat praecoquum ‘early-ripe’, belonging to Lat coquere ‘to ripen, let ripe’. The fruit that was imported in Italy since C1 from China, was superiour to the indigenous Marille and was called persica praecocia ‘early-ripe peach’ (fruit that ripens earlier than peaches) – Kluge2002.
barqūq barrī, n., sloe plum
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