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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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baqar بَقَر
ID 087 • Sw – • BP 3339 • APD ... • Aut SG
BQR
n.coll.; n.un. ‑aẗ
cattle; n.un. cow – WehrCowan1979.
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▪ OrelStolbova1994#310: Akk buqāru ¹ (with secondary u ), ‎Phn bqr ², Hbr bāqār ², Aram (Palest) bᵉqartā ², SAr bqr ², or Ḥrs beqār ³.
▪ OrelStolbova1994#310: A hypothetical Sem ‎‎*baḳar‑ ‘bull'¹, ‘cattle'², ‘cow'³ is probably the common ancestor of ‎the Ar word as well as its Sem cognates. In the first syllable, Sem *a would be a regular development from AfrAs ‎‎*‑o‑ after a labial, so that AfrAs *boḳar‑ ‘cattle’ can be reconstructed, bearing in mind that the ‎Sem word has cognates also in Berb *bukVr‑ ‘one year old camel’ and CCh *bwakVr‑ ‘goat’. ‎AfrAs *boḳar‑ itself may be derived from AfrAs *boḳ‑ ‘goat’. On the other hand, cf. AfrAs ‎‎*baraḳ‑ ‘ram, goat, calf’.
▪ Lipiński1997#30.10 thinks the word can be segmented into root plus ‎AfrAs “postpositive determinant” *‑l or *‑r “for domestic or tamed animals”, cf. also ʔimmar‑ ‘ram, lamb’, ʔayyil ‘deer’, ṯawr‑ ‘ox’, ǧamal ‘camel’, ḥimār‑ ‘donkey’, ḫinzīr ‘swine, pig’, ʕiǧl ‘calf’, ʕayr‑ ‘ass-fowl’, karr‑ ‘lamb’, naml ‘ant’.
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