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balad بَلَد , pl. bilād , ‎buldān
ID 088 • Sw – • BP 99 • APD ... • Aut SG
BLD
n.; rarely f.
country, nation; al-bilād the country; balad (Eg. , Lev. ) f. town, village – WehrCowan1979.
According to Gutas (see below), the word is ‎one of the few cases where Grk acted as intermediary for the transmission of a Latin loanword.
Q ii, 120 ; iii, 196 ; vii, 55, 56, etc. Also baladaẗ xxv, ‎‎51 ; xxvii, 93 ; xxxiv, 14, etc. ʻcountry, region, territoryʼ
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▪ Jeffery1938: »The verb balad‑ in the sense of ‘to dwell in a ‎region’ is denominative, and Nöldeke recognized that balad in the sense of ‘a place where one ‎dwellsʼ was a Semitic borrowing from the Lat palatium : Grk palátion . This has been accepted ‎by Fraenkel, Fremdw , 28, and Vollers, ZDMG , li, 312, and may be traced back to the military ‎occupation of N. Arabia.«

EALL (Gutas, “Greek Loanwords”): a loan from Grk ‎palátion that goes back to Latin palatium .

▪ Shahîd (EALL, “Latin Loanwords”) also mentions ‎Lat. palatium ‘town, inhabited area’, but adds that this etymology is uncertain.

BP#2236baladī, adj., indigenous; popular; ‎municipal: nsb-adj.
BP#1458 ‏‎baldaẗ, n.f., town, township, community: .
BP#1243baladiyyaẗ, n.f., municipality, township: .
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