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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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bāb باب , pl. ʔabwāb , bībān
ID 101 • Sw – • BP 298 • APD ... • Aut SG
BWB
n.,
door; gate; opening, gateway; entrance; chapter, ‎section, column, rubric; group, class, category; field, domain (fig.) | al-b. al-ʕālī the ‎Sublime Porte; ‏‎ʕalā ‘l-ʔabwāb near, imminent; ... – WehrCowan1979.
...
eC7 Occurs ‎some twenty-seven times in the Qurʔān , e.g. ii, 55 ; iv, 153.
▪ ...
▪ ...

▪ Jeffery1938: 74: »Fraenkel, ‎‎Fremdw , 14, noted that it was an early loan word, and suggested that it came from the Aram bāḇâ ‏which is in very common use in the Rabbinic writings. D. H. Müller, however (WZKM , i, 23), on ‎the ground that bābā occurs very rarely in Syr and that the root is entirely lacking in Hbr, Eth, ‎and Sab, suggested that it was an early borrowing from Mesopotamia (cf. Zimmern, Akkad. ‎Fremdw , 30), and may have come directly into Ar. It occurs commonly in the old poetry, ‎which confirms the theory of early borrowing, and it is noteworthy that from some Mesopotamian ‎source it passed into mPers (Frahang , Glossary, p. 103 ; Herzfeld, Paikuli , Glossary, ‎‎151).«

▪ Schall1982, Retsö2006 (EALL , “Aramaic/Syriac ‎Loanwords"): via Aram bāḇā from Akk bāb-um ‘gate’

bawwaba, vb. II, to divide into chapters or ‎sections; to arrange in groups, arrange systematically, class, classify: ‎denominative, from bāb in the sense of ‘chapter, category’, etc.
‏‎bābaẗ, n.f., pl. ‑āt kind, sort, ‎class, category:

bawwāb, n., pl. ‑ūn doorman, gatekeeper: n.prof., denominative
biwābaẗ, n.f., office of ‎gatekeeper:

[BP#2435] bawwābaẗ, n.f., pl. ‑āt (large) gate, portal:

tabwīb ‎n., division into chapters, sectioning, classification, systematic arrangement, grouping: vn. II, denominative.
mubawwab, adj., arranged in groups, classed, classified: PP II, from bawwaba
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