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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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bawraq بَوْرَق , var. بُورَق būraq , bōraq
ID ... • Sw – • BP ... • APD ... • Aut SG
BWRQ
n.coll.
borax [i.e., sodium borate] – WehrCowan1979. Lane: ‘certain thing, or substance, that is put into dough/flour and causes it to become inflated’
▪ From the same etymon as Pers būrā ‘nitre, salpêtre’, akin to Av bowra ‘red, brown’, IndEur *bʰer‑ ‘brillant, brown’ – Rolland2014a
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EI²: bawraq (< Pers būra ), also būraq : natron, sesqui-carbonate of soda.
▪ Turek2011 thinks the borrowing from mPers bōrak went via Syr bōrqā .
▪ Engl borax , lC14, from Anglo-Fr boras , from mLat baurach , from Ar būraq , applied by the Arabs to various substances used as fluxes, probably from Pers būrah . Originally obtained in Europe from the bed of salt lakes in Tibet – EtymOnline. ▪ Lokotsch1927#356: Ar būraq > Span borraj , Port borax , Fr borax , It borrace ; Du Engl borax , Ge Borax ; Ru Bulg bura , Serb Pol boraks , Cz borax .
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