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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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bayraq بَيْرَق , pl. bayāriqᵘ
ID ... • Sw – • BP ... • APD ... • Aut SG
BYRQ
n.
banner, standard – WehrCowan1979.
▪ From Tu bayrak ‘id.’ (so Nişanyan et al.; Dozy, Kazimirski et al. think it is of Pers origin) – Rolland2014a.
▪ The Tu word is attested already before 1000 CE as batruk in Uyghur Buddhist texts, then shortly later as batraḳ in Kāşġarī’s Dīvān-i Luġati ’t-Türk (1073).
...
▪ According to Nişanyan(27Mar2015), the Tu etymon of Ar bayraq , Tu bayrak , is from oTu batrak ~ batruk ‘spear, banner on a lance’, perh. from oTu batur- ‘to spear’.
bayraqdār, n., colour-bearer, standard-bearer: with Pers suffix ‑dār ‘holding firmly’, IndEur *dʰer‑ ‘to hold firmly’.
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