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tannīn تَنِّين
ID ... • Sw – • BP ... • APD ... • Aut SG
TNː (TNN)
n.
tannin, tannic acid – WehrCowan1979.
Rolland2014: From Fr tanin , derived from tan , with high probability from a Celtic *tanno‑ ‘oak’.
...
▪ Cf. also the etymology of Engl tannin ‘tannic acid, vegetable substance capable of converting animal hide to leather’, as given in etymonline.com : 1802, from Fr tannin (1798), from tan ‘crushed oak bark containing tannin’, probably from a Celtic source (such as Breton tann ‘oak tree’). The Engl vb. to tan can be traced back, via late oEngl tannian ‘to convert hide into leather (by steeping it in tannin)’, to mLat tannare ‘to tan, dye a tawny colour’ (c900), from Lat tannum ‘crushed oak bark (used in tanning leather)’. The meaning ‘to make brown by exposure to the sun’ (as tanning does to hides) first recorded 1520s; intransitive sense also from 1520s. Of persons, not considered an attractive feature until 20c.; in Shakespeare, ‘to deprive of the freshness and beauty of youth’ (Sonnet CXV). As an adj. from 1620s. Related: G Tanne ‘fir tree’ (as in Tannenbaum ) might be a transferred meaning from the same Celtic source.1
1. Cf., however, Kluge2002: C9, mHG tanne , oHG tanna , oSax danna , dennja , »Vielleicht eine Zugehörigkeitsbildung zu Tann , also *‘der im Tann stehende Baum’, während in der Neuzeit umgekehrt Tann als ‘Tannenwald’ aufgefaßt werden kann. Die nähere Verknüpfung mit oInd dhanvana‑ m. (ein Baumname) und oInd dhánu‑ ‘Bogen’ (aus dem Holz des betreffenden Baumes gefertigt, deshalb allenfalls Lärche) ist kaum ausreichend zu stützen. Entsprechendes gilt für Heth tanau‑ (ein nicht näher bestimmbarer Baum, Tanne wäre möglich).« — On Tann ‘forest’: C12, mHG tan(n) , oHG in tan-esel ‘forest donkey’, mLG dan ‘forest’, »Entsprechend mLG denne ‘Lagerstätte, Niederung, Waldtal’, oEngl denn ‘Wildlager’. Außergermanisch entspricht vielleicht oInd dhánu‑ ‘Sandbank, Insel’, oInd dhánvan‑ ‘dürres, trockenes Land, Wüste’. Es kann also eine Bezeichnung für unzugängliches Gebiet vorliegen, deren weitere Herkunft unklar ist. Die Abgrenzung von den Sippen von Tanne und Tenne (und weiterem) ist aber keineswegs klar.«
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