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Etymological Dictionary of Arabic

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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ṯār‑ ثارَ / ṯur‑ , ū (ṯawraẗ , ṯawarān )
ID 127 • Sw – • BP 4251 • APD ... • Aut SG
ṮWR
vb., I
to stir, be stirred up, be aroused, be exited; to swirl up, rise (dust); to arise (question, problem; a difficulty); to be triggered, be unleashed, break out; to revolt, rebel, rise (ʕalā against); to rage, storm | ṯ. ṯāʔiruh to fly into rage, become furious, flare up – WehrCowan1979.
Akin with →ṯawr ‘bull’.
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BP#1198ʔaṯāra, vb. IV, to agitate, excite; to stimulate; to irritate; to arouse, stir up, kindle, excite (e.g., feelings), cause, provoke, awaken; to raise, pose, bring up (a question, a problem): caus. of I.
ĭstaṯāra, vb. X, to excite, stir up, kindle (e.g., passions); to rouse; to arouse, awaken (e.g., feelings); to elicit, evoke (wails, outcries); to incite, set (s.o. against): .

C BP#1031ṯawraẗ, n.f., excitement, agitation; outbreak, outburst, fit (of fury, of despair, etc.); eruption (of a volcano); (pl. ‑āt ) →ṯawraẗ :
BP#3379ṯawrī, adj., revolutionary: nsb-adj from →ṯawraẗ .
ṯawrawī, adj., revolutionary: nisba formation from →ṯawraẗ .
ṯawarān, n., agitation, excitation, flare-up, eruption, outbreak, outburst; dust whirl: vn. I.
maṯār, n., incentive, stimulus, motive, spur, occasion, cause: .
BP#2587ʔiṯāraẗ, n.f., excitation, stirring up, kindling; agitation, incitement; provocation, (a)rousing, awakening; irritation, stimulation: vn. IV.
ṯāʔir, adj., excited, agitated, raving, furious, mad; rebellious; fury, rage; (pl. ṯuwwār ), n., insurgent, rebel, revolutionary: PA I; see also →ṯawraẗ .
ṯāʔiraẗ, pl. ṯawāʔirᵘ , n., tumult; excitement, agitation; fury, rage: nominalized PA I, f.
BP#2193muṯīr, adj., exciting; provocative; stimulative, irritative: PA IV; n., excitant, irritant, stimulant; germ, agent; pl. ‑āt stimulants: nominalisation of PA IV.

Cf. also →ṯawr .

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