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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ṯawr ثوْر , pl. ṯīrān
ID ... • Sw – • BP – • APD ... • Aut SG
ṮWR
n.
1 bull, steer; ox. – 2 al-ṯawr Taurus (sign of the zodiac; astron. ). – 3 the second month of the solar year (Saudi Ar. , cf. ḥamal )
< Sem *ṯawr‑ ‘bull’ (? < AfrAs *čawVr‑ / *čVr‑ ‘bull’)
...
▪ Bergsträsser1928: Akk šūru , [Bennett1998: Ug ṯr ,] Hbr šōr , Aram tawrā , Gz sōr
▪ OrelStolbova1994#477: Akk šūru , Ug ṯr , Hbr šōr , Syr tawrā , Gz sōr , Ḥrs ṯawr ). – Outside Sem: Eg šsr .
▪ OrelStolbova1994#477: < Sem *ṯawr‑ ‘bull’. The authors also reconstruct AfrAs *čawVr‑ /*čVr‑ ‘bull’ and say that the initial *šs‑ in Eg continues AfrAs *č‑ . The Eg form may then represent the original AfrAs root while Sem reflects a secondary tension.
▪ Lipiński2001 thinks (with Diakonoff) that ṯawr can be segmented into root plus AfrAs »key consonant« ‑r for weak, tame animals, cf. also →ʔimmar , →baqar , →ḥimār , karr , ʕayr , →ʔayyil , →ǧamal .
▪ See also →√ṮWR
▪ Dolgopolsky2012 thinks IndEur *tawro-s ‘bull, aurochs’ (which gave European words for the animal like Grk taûros, Lat taurus etc.) is a borrowing from Sem.
šōrbaẗ ḏayl al-ṯ., n., oxtail soup: .

For other items of the root →√ṮWR .

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