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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ǧazar‑ جَزَرَ
1 u (ǧazr ); 2 i , u (ǧazr )
ID ... • Sw – • BP ... • APD ... • Aut SG
ǦZR
vb., I
1 to slaughter; to kill, butcher (an animal). – 2 to sink, fall, drop, ebb (water) – WehrCowan1979.
▪ The 2 meanings of the vb. go both back to an original value *‘to cut’. From there, the semantics seem to have developed along two lines: 1 ‘*to cut > to slaughter > to butcher; to kill > massacre’, and 2 ‘*to cut > to cut off (land from sea, etc.) > island; to drop, ebb (water)’.
al-Ǧazāʔir ‘Algeria’ is a pl. of the quasi-PP f. ǧazīraẗ , lit. *‘cut off (from land)’, hence ‘island’.
▪ Ar ǦZR is from WSem *GZR ‘to cut off, destroy’.
▪ Like its cognate roots in other Sem langs, ǦZR / GZR seems to be an extension in *‑R of a bi-consonantal nucleus →*ǦZ- (also →*ǦḎ-, →*ǦD-) from which also other roots derive. Cf., in this context, especially the MSA items →ǧazza ‘to cut off, clip; to shear, shear off’ (also →ǧaḏḏa ‘to cut off, clip’), →ǧuzʔ ‘part’, →taǧazzaʕa ‘to break apart, break, snap’ (also →ǧadaʕa ‘to cut off, amputate’), →ǧizlaẗ ‘piece, slice’, →ǧazama ‘to off, cut short, clip; to judge, decide’ (also →ǧaḏama ‘to cut off, chop off, excise’).
...
DRS 2 (1994)#GZR-1 Hbr gāzar ‘couper en deux; décider’, oAram gzr , EmpAram gzyr , gzr (?) ‘couper; conclure un pacte; ordonner(?)’, JP gᵉzar ‘tailler, couper, trancher, décider’, Mand gzar ‘couper, égorger, décider, condamner; circoncire’, Ar ǧazara ‘égorger, découper une pièce de boucherie’, SAr gzr ‘circoncire’, Soq gtzr ‘être moitié plein’, Gz gazara , Amh gäzzärä ‘circoncire’, Tña Te Amh gəzrät ‘circoncision’. – Syr gᵉzīrtā , Ar ǧazīraẗ , Gz gazirat ‘île’; Ar ǧazar ‘partie de la côté découverte à marée basse’, ǧazara ‘être à sec (marée, etc.)’. – Hbr *gāzar ‘manger (animal)’, Syr gezrā ‘proie’, Mand gizra ‘troupeau’, Ar ǧazar ‘animaux de boucherie’, Ar ǧazzār ‘boucher’, Śḥr eñgezrót ‘animal de boucherie, animal abattu’.
See section CONCISE above.
ǧazr, n., 1 slaughter; butchering; 2 ebb (of the sea): vn. I.
ǧazraẗ, n.f., blood sacrifice: n.un. of vn. I.
ǧazūr, pl. ǧuzur , n., slaughter camel: quasi PP I.
ǧazzār, pl. ‑ūn , n., butcher: n.prof.
ǧizāraẗ, n.f., butcher’s trade, butchery: n. of profession.
BP#1733ǧazīraẗ, pl. ǧuzur , rarely ǧazāʔirᵘ , n., island: quasi-PP I, lit. *‘the cut-off one’ | šibh ~ , n., peninsula; al-~ , the Jazira, (Northwest) Mesopotamia; al-Ǧazāʔir , n.prop.topon., Algeria; Algiers; ~ al-ʕarab , n., Arabia, the Arabian Peninsula; al-Ǧazāʔir al-Ḫālidāt , n.prop.topon., the Canary Islands; al-~ al-Ḫaḍrāʔ , n.prop.topon., Algeciras (seaport in SW Spain); ~ al-ʔamān , n., safety island.
ǧazarī, adj., insular; (pl. ‑ūn ) islander: nsb-adj. of ǧazīraẗ .
BP#1663ǧazāʔirī, pl. ‑ūn , adj./n., Algerian (adǧ. and n.); islander: nsb-adj. of ǧazāʔir , pl. of ǧazīraẗ .
maǧzir, pl. maǧāzirᵘ , n., slaughterhouse, abattoir; butchery: n.loc.
BP#2347maǧzaraẗ, pl. maǧāzirᵘ , n., butchery; massacre, carnage: n.loc.

For ǧazar ‘carrot(s)’ see →s.v. .
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