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gumruk (EgAr) ~ ǧumruk جُمْرُك , pl. ǧamārikᵘ , var. kumruk , qumruq
ID 156 • Sw – • BP 4318 • APD ... • Aut SG
ǦMRK
n.
customs; customhouse – WehrCowan1979.
▪ Rolland2014a: Via Tu gümrük and ByzGrk kommérkion from lLat commercium ‘branch office, merchandise, relation, exchange’, from Lat merx ‘merchandise’.
...
▪ Cf. DRS 3 (1993)#GMRK: Ar ǧumruk , Te ǧəmruk .
▪ ...
▪ Sources agree on Ar gumruk , ǧumruk going back, via Tu gümrük , to lLat commercium , a derivative of Lat merx ‘merchandise’.
▪ Rolland2014a adds that this Lat merx ‘merchandise’ perhaps is from Phoen mkr ‘to do business, trade’, »mot éminemment voyageur«. If this is correct one may have to compare (CAD:) Akk makāru ‘to do business, use (silver etc.) in business transactions’, mākiru , makkāru ‘trader’, makkūru ‘valuable, treasures, property, assets, estate’, tamkāru ‘merchant, trader, money-lender’ (> Ar →tāǧir ‘merchant’, →tiǧāraẗ ‘trade, commerce, merchandise’), (Tropper2008:) Ug mkr (N-, G-, D-stems pass.) ‘to be sold’, mkr /makkāru/ ‘tradesman’), (BDB1906:) Hbr māḵar ‘to sell’, mäḵär ‘merchandise, value’, Phoen mkr ‘to sell’, Aram Syr mᵊḵar ‘to marry’ (i.e. *‘to buy as a wife’), (Tropper2008:) Ar makkara ‘to buy up (grain)’.
▪ Cf. Engl commerce (n.), 1530s, from mFr commerce (C14), from Lat commercium ‘trade, trafficking’, from com- ‘together’ + merx (Gen mercis ) ‘merchandise’. ▪ Cf. also Engl market (n.), eC12, ‘a meeting at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions’, from oNFr market ‘marketplace, trade, commerce’ (oFr marchiet , modFr marché ), from Lat mercatus ‘trading, buying and selling, trade, market’ (> It mercato , Sp mercado , Du markt , Ge Markt ), past participle of mercari ‘to trade, deal in, buy’, from merx (Gen mercis ) ‘wares, merchandise’, from Ital root *merk- , possibly from Etr, referring to various aspects of economics. Meaning ‘public building or space where markets are held’ first attested mC13. Sense of ‘sales, as controlled by supply and demand’ is from 1680s.
rasm al-gumruk, n., customs duty, tariff

gumrukī, adj., customs, tariff (used attributively): nsb-adj. | ĭttiḥād gumrukī , n., customs union.
mugamrak, n., duty paid: nominalized PP I.
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