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Click to Expand/Collapse OptionEtymArab
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ǧamul‑ جمُل u , (ǧamāl )
ID 161 • Sw – • BP – • APD ... • Aut SG
ǦML
vb., I
to be beautiful; to be handsome, pretty, comely, graceful; to be proper, suitable, appropriate, befit – WehrCowan1979.
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Akk gamālu ‘récompenser, soigner’, gimill‑ ‘acte de bonté, faveur, complaisance, pitié’, gitmal‑ ‘noble, parfait, égal’, giml ‘bœuf au repos, à soigner’, Hbr gāmal ‘être prêt, être mûr (fruit)’, ‘sevrer (un enfant)’, ‘récompenser, rémunérer, faire du bien à qn’, gəmūl , gəmūlā ‘rémunération, bienfait’, Ar ǧamula) ‘être beau, bien se comporter’, ǧāmala ‘se conduire bien avec qn’. Cf. also nHbr gamlōn , Aram gamlānā ‘grand, long’.
DRS thinks ǧamul-‑ ‘to be beautiful, pretty; be nice to, do a favour to’ and ǧamal‑ ‘to assemble, collect’ (cf. also ǧumlaẗ‑ ‘totality’) are related and belong to one and the same multifacetted Sem theme. For details →√ǦML .
ǧammala, vb. II, to make beautiful, beautify, embellish, adorn : probably a denom. caus. from →ǧamīl .
ǧāmala, vb. III, to be polite, courteous, amiable : probably denom. from →ǧamīl .
ʔaǧmala, vb. IV, to act well, decently, be nice : probably denominative from →ǧamīl . – For other meanings →ǧamala .
taǧammala, vb. V, to make o.s. pretty, adorn o.s. : probably denominative from →ǧamīl .
taǧāmala, vb. VI, to be courteous, be friendly to one another : probably denominative from →ǧamīl .
ǧamāl, n., beauty :
ǧamālī, adj., aesthetic : nsb-adj. from ǧamāl .
ǧamīl, adj., n., beautiful, graceful, lovely, comely, pretty, handsome; friendly act, favor, service, good turn; courtesy : perhaps the main etymon from which ǧamula then would be denominative; if this is not the case ǧamīl is a ints. adj. formation from the vb.; →s.v.
ʔaǧmalᵘ, adj., more beautiful : el. of →ǧamīl .
taǧmīl, n., beautification, embellishment; cosmetics : vn. II.
taǧmīlī, adj., cosmetic : nsb-adj. of taǧmīl .
muǧāmalaẗ, n.f., pl. ‑āt (act of) courtesy; civility, amiability; flattery : vn. III.
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