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HK01: Ynglinga Saga
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Click to Expand/Collapse Option1. Of the Situation of Countries
Click to Expand/Collapse Option2. Of the People of Asia
Click to Expand/Collapse Option3. Of Odin's Brothers
Click to Expand/Collapse Option4. Of Odin's War With the People of Vanaland
Click to Expand/Collapse Option5. Odin Divides His Kingdom: Also Concerning Gefion
Click to Expand/Collapse Option6. Of Odin's Accomplishments
Click to Expand/Collapse Option7. Of Odin's Feats
Click to Expand/Collapse Option8. Odin's Lawgiving
Click to Expand/Collapse Option9. Of Odin's Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option10. Frey's Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option11. Of King Fjolne's Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option12. Of Swegde
Click to Expand/Collapse Option13. Of Vanlande, Swegde's Son
Click to Expand/Collapse Option14. Of Visbur, Vanlande's Son
Click to Expand/Collapse Option15. Of Domald, Visbur's Son
Click to Expand/Collapse Option16. Of Domar, Domald's Son
Click to Expand/Collapse Option17. Of Dygve, Domar's Son
Click to Expand/Collapse Option18. Of Dag The Wise
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Click to Expand/Collapse Option20. Of Alric and Eric
Click to Expand/Collapse Option21. Of Yngve and Alf
Click to Expand/Collapse Option22. Of Hugleik
Click to Expand/Collapse Option23. King Gudlog's Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option24. Jorund, Yngve's Son
Click to Expand/Collapse Option25. Of King On, Jorund's Son
Click to Expand/Collapse Option26. Of Egil and Tunne
Click to Expand/Collapse Option27. Of King Ottar
Click to Expand/Collapse Option28. Of King Adils' Marriage
Click to Expand/Collapse Option29. Of King Adils' Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option30. Rolf Krake's Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option31. Of Eystein and the Jutland King Solve
Click to Expand/Collapse Option32. Of Yngvar's Fall
Click to Expand/Collapse Option33. Of Onund the Land-clearer
Click to Expand/Collapse Option34. Of Ingjald the Bad
Click to Expand/Collapse Option35. Of King Onund's Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option36. The Burning in Upsal
Click to Expand/Collapse Option37. Of Hjorvard's Marriage
Click to Expand/Collapse Option38. War Between Ingjald and Granmar and Hjorvard
Click to Expand/Collapse Option39. Death of the Kings Granmar and Hjorvard
Click to Expand/Collapse Option40. Of Ingjald's Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option41. Of Ivar
Click to Expand/Collapse Option42. Of Olaf the Tree-feller
Click to Expand/Collapse Option43. Olaf the Tree-feller's Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option44. Of Halfdan Hvitbein
Click to Expand/Collapse Option45. Of Ingjald, Brother of Halfdan
Click to Expand/Collapse Option46. Of King Eystein's Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option47. Of Halfdan the Mild
Click to Expand/Collapse Option48. Of Gudrod the Hunter
Click to Expand/Collapse Option49. Of King Olaf's Death
Click to Expand/Collapse Option50. Of Rognvald the Mountain-high
HK01: Ynglinga Saga
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Contents

1. Preface
2. References
3. Bibliography
4. Credits


Preface:

Heimskringla (HK) or the Lives of the Norse Kings

HK 01:

Ynglinga Saga

(Go to full text or sentence view)

 

 

The Ynglinga saga is a legendary saga, originally written in Old Norse by the Icelandic poet and historian Snorri Sturluson about 1225. It is the first section of his Heimskringla. It was first translated into English and published in 1844 by Samuel Laing.
 
Snorri Sturluson based his work on an earlier Ynglingatal which is attributed to the Norwegian 9th century skald Þjóðólfr of Hvinir, and which also appears in Historia Norwegiae. It tells the most ancient part of the story of the House of Ynglings (Scylfings in Beowulf). Snorri described the descent of the kings of Norway from this royal house of Sweden.
 
Ynglinga saga is the first part of Snorri's history of the ancient Norse kings, the Heimskringla. Snorri's work covers the history of the Norwegian kings from the mythical prehistoric age until the year 1177, with the death of the pretender Eystein Meyla. Interwoven in this narrative are a number of references to important historical events.
 
The saga deals with the arrival of the Norse gods to Scandinavia and how Freyr founded the Swedish Yngling dynasty at Uppsala. Then the saga follows the line of Swedish kings until Ingjald (Ingjald illråde), after which the descendants settled in Norway and became the ancestors of the Norwegian King Harald Fairhair.
 
In the initial stanzas of the poem Asagarth is the capital of Asaland, a section of Asia to the east of the Tana-kvísl or Vana-Kvísl river (kvísl is "fork"), which Snorri explains is the Tanais, or Don River, flowing into the Black Sea. The river divides "Sweden the Great", a concession to the Viking point of view. It is never called that prior to the Vikings (Section 1).
 
The river lands are occupied by the Vanir and are called Vanaland or Vanaheim. It is unclear what people Snorri thinks the Vanes are, whether the proto-Slavic Venedi or the east Germanic Vandals, who had been in that region at that time for well over 1000 years. He does not say; however, the Germanic names of the characters, such as Njord, Frey and Vanlandi, indicate he had the Vandals in mind.
 
 


References:

For details on sources of the texts and editorial notes, see the Reference section of the introductory text to the BP edition of the Heimskringla.




Abbreviations for the whole library.


Bibliography:

Snorri Sturluson, Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson, Íslenzk Fornrit vol. 26: Heimskringla I. Reykjavik: Hið Íslenzka Fornritafélag 1941. Pp. 9–83. Download here.

Snorri Sturluson, Heimskringla or the Lives of the Norse Kings. Ed. and transl. by Erling Monsen and A. H. Smith. Cambridge: W. Heffer 1932. Pp. 1–35.

Snorre Sturlason, Kongesagaer. Oversat af Dr. Gustav Storm. Christiania: Stenersen 1900. Pp. 6–46.

Medieval Nordic Text Archive (MENOTA), Heimskringla. "AM 35 fol – Heimskringla 1 v. 1.0.5", at the MENOTA website (to access the text, go to the Menota catalogue and choose "Heimskringla 1" under "MS or Work Title").



Credits:

Input by Amund Bjørsnøs, Spring 2016. Last published: 31 July 2016.


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